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Dengue fever and its prevention


Breakbone fever mosquito borne tropical disease ''Dengue Virus''

Symptoms :-

Febrile phase

  • Sudden onset fever
  • headache
  • mouth and nose bleeding
  • muscle and joint pains
  • Vomiting
  • rash
  • diarrhea


Critical phase


  • Hypotension
  • pleural effusion
  • ascites
  • GI bleeding 


Recovery phase

  • Altered level of consciousness
  • seizures
  • itching
  • slow heart rate

Common symptoms :

1.Fever
2.Headache
3.Muscular and joint pain
4.Skin rash similar to measles

In small portion of cases :
Dengue hemorrhage fever resulting bleeding, low level of platelets

Rx:

Acute Condition: Supportive (paracetamol)  and Oral or IV rehydration

  • Do not prescribe Aspirin , Ibuprofen and Antibiotics ( Contraindicated) 


For Severe Cases: IV fluids and blood transfusion

Prevention: No vaccine but get rid if open source of water.