Medical Dictionary Search here

Risk factors for esophageal cancer.


Deficiency of vitamins (A, C, riboflavin, thiamine, pyridoxine)

Deficiency of trace elements (zinc, molybdenum)

Fungal contamination of foodstuffs

High content of nitrites/nitrosamines

Betel nut chewing


Burning-hot beverages or food

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Urban environment.

Esophageal Disorders

Long-standing esophagitis and Barret’s metaplasia


Plummer-Vinson syndrome( esophageal webs, microcytic hypochromic anemia and atrophic gastritis)

Genetic Predisposition

TP53 tumor supressor gene mutation

Long-standing celiac disease

Ectodermal dysplasia

Epidermolysis bullosa

Racial disposition