Monday, January 10, 2011

Principal Systemic Manifestations of Chronic Renal Failure and Uremia.

Fluid and Electrolytes

Dehydration
Edema
Hyperkalemia
Metabolic acidosis

Calcium Phosphate and Bone

Hyperphosphatemia
Hypocalcemia
Secondary hyperparathyroidism
Renal osteodystrophy

Hematologic

Anemia
Bleeding diathesis

Cardiopulmonary

Hypertension
Congestive heart failure
Pulmonary edema
Uremic pericarditis

Gastrointestinal

Nausea and vomiting
Bleeding
Esophagitis, gastritis, colitis

Neuromuscular

Myopathy
Peripheral neuropathy
Encephalopathy

Dermatologic

Sallow color
Pruritus
Dermatitis.

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