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Factors Causing Hyperkalemia and Hypokalemia

Factors Causing Hyperkalemia 

  • Acidosis
  • ACEI
  • Beta-Blockers (Propanolol)
  • Digitalis toxicity 
  • Succinylcholine
  • Renal Failure
  • Mineralocorticoid deficiency (Hypoaldosteronism)
  • Potassium-Sparing Diuretics (Spironolactone,Triamterene,Amiloride)
  • Rhabdomyolysis 


Factors Causing Hypokalemia 

  • Loop and Thiazide Diuretics
  • Osmotic Diuretics
  • Mineralocorticoid (Hyperaldosteronism)
  • Alkalosis
  • Insulin
  • Beta-2 agonists(Albuterol)
  • Eating disorder
  • Diarrhea, Vomiting
  • Laxatives
  • ATN - recovery phase
  • Elderly patients.