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Abnormal Pulses and Possible Etiologies

Abnormal Pulses 

Pulsus alternans: sign of left ventricular systolic dysfunction



Pulsus bigeminus: sign of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
(HOCM)


Pulsus bisferiens: in aortic regurgitation


Pulsus tardus et parvus: aortic stenosis



Pulsus paradoxus: cardiac tamponade and tension pneumothorax


Irregularly irregular: atrial fibrillation